George Rucker's Newsletter for August 2, 2016

Another week,

Q: What did the mother duck say to the little duck?

A: If you don't behave, I'm gonna quack you one.


Anaheim Mighty Duck super star, Teemu Selanne, had never had his father see him play professional hockey. He was thrilled to have his father visit him recently to watch him play.

In honor of the occasion, his good friend, Mikkail Shtalenkov, arranged a special banquet at the renowned local Scandinavian restaurant, Gustav Anders, where a noted chef, Anders Strandberg, prepared a gourmet dinner of the Selanne's favorite Finnish dishes.

In addition to the entire Mighty Ducks team and staff, Disney and Orange County dignitaries attended with the entire tab being picked up by the Duck goalie.

It was a huge success. The Orange County Register reported the next day that it was certainly a dinner worthy of . . .  the father, the son and the goalie host.


Thanks to Adult Coloring Books, There’s a Global Pencil Shortage - from

Whether you feel inspired to scribble in the characters of Chuck Palahniuk or Lisa Frank, there’s a coloring book out there for you. The widely popular adult coloring book trend seems like it’d be great news for pencil companies, but the Independent reports that some major manufacturers are struggling to satisfy the demand.

Workers at Faber-Castell’s factory in Germany have been forced to run extra shifts in order to keep up with production. The world’s largest wooden pencil producer is reportedly seeing double-digit growth in artists’ pencils sales and has boosted its supply significantly compared to the previous year.

Faber-Castell isn’t the only company that’s been impacted by the fad—the European manufacturer Staedtler and Stabilo has reported a colored pencil shortage, as have suppliers in Brazil. According to The Washington Post, overall colored pencil sales spiked by about 26 percent in 2015—a significant change from the past three years, during which growth never exceeded 7.2 percent. In response to the increasing amount of adult customers, some companies like Crayola are now selling adult coloring books and pencils as a package deal.

Demand for higher quality pencils and larger sets has also risen. Sandra Suppa from Faber-Castell told the Independent, “People are now not satisfied with ‘just’ 36 colors and we are noticing a trend in people preferring bigger sets of 72 or even 120 colors for coloring.”

If you've somehow avoided joining the coloring book bandwagon, it’s not too late to  start-just make sure to stock up on pencils while they're still on the shelves.


Last week I made a very good recipe which was liked by both Patty and me.  It is a Hawaiian recipe using very few ingredients.  I used two large breasts which was more than enough.

Hawaiian Chicken Kabobs from


    3 tablespoons soy sauce

    3 tablespoons brown sugar

    2 tablespoons sherry

    1 tablespoon sesame oil

    1/4 teaspoon ground ginger

    1/4 teaspoon garlic powder

    8 skinless, boneless chicken breast halves - cut into 2 inch pieces

    1 (20 ounce) can pineapple chunks, drained



    In a shallow glass dish, mix the soy sauce, brown sugar, sherry, sesame oil, ginger, and garlic powder. Stir the chicken pieces and pineapple into the marinade until well coated. Cover, and marinade in the refrigerator at least 2 hours.

    Preheat grill to medium-high heat.

    Lightly oil the grill grate. Thread chicken and pineapple alternately onto skewers. Grill 15 to 20 minutes, turning occasionally, or until chicken juices run clear.

I also found that this marinade is great for chicken on the grill.


The other day I was talking about nuns that while we were youths, would use “clickers” or some would call “crickets to organize us.  It was a click to kneel, sit or stand etc.  I decided to see if I could order one for old time sake.  The reason they are no longer in stores is they pose a choking hazard for young children.  Every one I personally had during my life could easily fit through a toilet paper tube, which is the choking hazard threshold.

Many suppliers are out, this surprised me as I never see them in stores.  At one time Cracker Jack would enclose them as a toy.  Now all Cracker Jack toys are made of paper.  No longer can a couple get engaged using a Cracker Jack ring.  Even certain cereals would enclose one in the cereal box.  During those days I would collect the cards between the shredded wheat biscuits.  They had all sorts of information on how to set snares as traps etc.

Then I find that the 101st Screaming Eagles during World War II use a form of the cricket.  The 101st Airborne Cricket: For the first time since 1944 the 'Acme' toy clicker is available again. This little device which was carried by the paratroopers of the 101st Airborne Division into France on D-Day June 6th 1944 was originally known as the 'No.470 clicker' by manufacturers J Hudson and Co Ltd of Birmingham England but quickly came to be called the 'cricket' by the airborne paratroopers.

The cricket is being made once more. Not only that, they are being made by the original company, in the original factory, on the original machines and using the original dies.  Now what do I have to say about that?  I say “I need one and I need it now.”  That is my consumerism rising to the surface of my psyche.   Now I need to know what kind I want?  They come in brass, nickle plated, aged or distressed so they look like they were used in WWII, last is gold plated.  They also have books on the history of clickers but I can do without one of those.  I just want to push down and hear the Click-click as the metal strip depresses and returns to original shape.  Yikes, sticker shock, they cost 20 to 40 English pounds, perhaps I should set my sites on something smaller.

My father was a member of the 101st Airborne, “the Screaming Eagles.”  He was awarded a purple heart, Presidential Unit Citation, many campaign ribbons, the Belgian Croix de Guerre, the (European, African, Middle Eastern) metal with 3 battle stars, plus some lesser ribbons and of course the paratrooper wings.

During my military career I also won a Presidential Unit Citation, my favorite ribbon, and I was a member of the precursor to all the Combat Communications units of today. (The First Mob)  I had four rows of what I usually called Micky Mouse ribbons as just about all were very common.  Like good conduct, both USAF and USN, sharpshooter etc., The AF commendation with 3 oak leafs might not be quite Mickey Mouse as they counted extra for promotion.  I did however have a pocket rocket or a missile badge as they are called which I liked as not too many people were able to wear one.

OK lets face it, my cheapness psyche clicked in so I went to eBay and found three crickets for $10 which included shipping.


I am not a wizard with knowledge about this week’s invention but I have done a few experiments with color as I was part of a group making a statue that wanted to match the soil around the Texas town of San Angelo.  The company who paid for the statue was Hemphill Wells Inc.  The statue was to represent industry surrounding the city itself, like sheep, cattle, oil, etc.  The company went belly up in the early 80's and it is now the town library.  To see the roughly three to four story statue visit this Google map.,-100.4383937,3a,75y,70.25h,93.62t/data=!3m6!1e1!3m4!1shJF3dmVhznU60DaNIci2PA!2e0!7i13312!8i6656

To change the color of cement you can use different colors of cement along with different colors of sand.  The experiment took a couple of days as we mixed very small batches and needed the cement to totally dry to see what color we actually made.   After keeping track of the mix we adjusted the sand amount more to get the exact match wanted.

Cement is not exciting.  In fact, a popular analogy to describe a really boring activity is watching cement dry.  However, there is greatness behind the powdery substance that has been used as the basis of concrete for centuries.  The Roman Colosseum could not have been made without early interpretations of cement.  The Hoover Dam, the largest concrete project in the world, stands as a modern testament to its brilliance, as do millions of miles of roadways and sidewalks and countless skyscraper and bridges.

Common materials used to manufacture cement include limestone, shells, and chalk or marl, combined shale, clay, slate, blast furnace slag, silica sand and iron ore.  When baked a high temperatures, these ingredients result in a chemical combination of calcium, silicon, aluminum, iron and other ingredients.  This rocklike substance, called clinker, which looks like gray balls the size of marbles, is then ground into fine powder we recognize as cement.

Bricklayer and contractor Joseph Aspdin of Leeds, England, was not looking for fame or a place in the history books when he began seeking a substance that would bind bricks together in a predictable, dependable fashion.  However, after some experimentation, that is exactly what he got.  Aspdin hit upon a strong, binding, water proof building material by pulverizing limestone and clay together, then heating the mixture in a kiln and grinding the resulting clinkers into powder.  The balance between calcium, iron, silicon, and aluminum produced the substance he desired.

Aspdin patented his discovery, which he named Portland cement after the color of local Portland stones, in 1824.  When the cement was used by local engineers Isambard Brunet and Joseph Bazalgette, it not only made Aspdin famous, but also changed the course of history and the world we live in along the way.  Brunel used the new material as a foundation in the building of the Thames River tunnel in the 1830s and other railways tunnels, while Bazalgette used it to build the London sewer system (1859-1867).  The projects were strong and enduring.

In modern times, engineers of the Burj Khalifa, the tallest building in the world, located in Dabai in the United Arab Emirates, utilized 431600 cubic yards of concrete for its construction, (Sometimes used interchangeably, these terms do not mean the same Cement is the bonding agent within concrete, which also contains stone, sand and water.)  Aspidn’s innovation continues to reach new heights.


I have notice of late that my faith in Trump has been wavering, not toward Hillary as she is far worse.  But I started thinking about while asking for some help to reelect Paul Ryan, Trump said, “I’m not ready to get on that band wagon yet.”   Trump wants 100% or nothing.

I am not sure if you remember last month when Ryan was asked if he was going to support Trump he said, “ I’m not ready to get on that band wagon yet.”

This is exactly what I would do.  It is “quid pro quo.”   I did get an email that totally sets forth my opinion of the Donald.


              The folks speaking out against Trump are helping me make up my mind a little more every day!

Is he the Perfect Candidate whose thoughts mirrors mine on all fronts? NOPE

Does he say everything the way I wish he would say it? NOPE

Am I absolutely sure that his motives are absolutely Pure? NOPE

Can I point to any other Dem Politician that I like better? NOPE

Is there any of the other RINO Politicians I like better? NOPE

Am I going to sit home, refuse to Vote, and let Hillary win; because he is NOT Perfect? NOPE

Do I like what I have seen for the last 7-1/2 years with the person that sleeps in our  White House? NOPE

Do I like the "fundamental changes" that same person has brought about in my America? NOPE

OK, your turn to decide what you are going to do in about 4 months!

Trump's presidential qualifications…

Obama is against Trump... Check

The Media are against Trump... Check

The establishment Democrats are against Trump... Check

The establishment Republicans are against Trump... Check

The Pope is against Trump... Check

The UN is against Trump... Check

The EU is against Trump... Check

China is against Trump... Check

Mexico is against Trump... Check

Soros is against Trump... Check

Black Lives Matter is against Trump... Check

Move On is against Trump... Check

Koch Brothers against Trump...Check

Bushes are against Trump ... Check

Planned Parenthood is against Trump....Check

Hillary & Bernie are both against Trump ... Check

Illegal aliens are against Trump ... Check

Islam is against Trump ... Check

Kasich is against Trump ... Check

Hateful, racist, violent Liberals are against Trump.. Check


It seems to me, Trump MUST BE the Best Qualified Candidate we could ever have.

If you have so many political insiders and left wing NUT CASES--- all SCARED TO DEATH, that they all speak out against him at the same time!

Most of all, it will be the People's Choice...


He's not a Lifetime Politician...Check

He's not a Lawyer.....Check

He's not doing it for the money...Check

He is a Natural Born American Citizen born in the USA from American parents. .

Bonus points !

Whoopi says she will leave the country...

Rosie says she will leave the country...

Sharpton says he will leave the country...

Cher says she will leave the country...

Cyrus says she will leave the country...

The Constitution and the Bill of Rights will prevail....

Hillary will go to jail.....

The budget will be balanced in 8 years....

mericans will have first choice at jobs.....

You will not be able to marry your pet....

You will be able to keep your gun(s) if you qualify...(Not a criminal or crazy, etc.)

Only living, registered U.S. citizens can vote....


You can have and keep your own doctor.....

You can say whatever you want without being called a racist, Islamophobic, xenophobic, etc....


Come to think of it, we have no place to go, but UP!...


Pass it on and God Bless America!!


This to me was very funny and if you wish to see a picture to go with it. . . go to this web site . . . sorry to say it is not true.

If You Rather Not Have A Gun In The House, and want to play it safe. Then go DeWalt.

In view of the recent Supreme Court ruling, sales of this new product may skyrocket.

Washington thinks they are going to take away our guns, so check this out. I like it!

NAIL GUNS! AND, you don't even have to REGISTER them or have LICENSES for them!

AND, you don't have to worry about them being CONCEALED!

Just a LOT of good stuff to do with THIS!

Once in a while something so totally cool comes out that even a guy who doesn't normally even know what he'd like for Father's Day or Christmas would immediately ask for it:

Thank you, DeWalt!!!

New Nail Gun, made by DeWalt.  It can drive a 16-D nail through a 2x4 at 200 yards.

This makes construction a breeze, you can sit in your lawn chair and build a fence.

Hundred round magazine.

Someone invades your home, just nail their ass.


Writing at the always excellent Washington Free Beacon, Adam Kredo notes that Iran is openly bragging about the large cash payout our weak willed, embarrassing president handed them on a silver platter

Iranian television has broadcast what some say is purported footage of the $400 million pallets of cash that officials claim was part of the “expensive price” paid by the Obama administration to free several U.S. hostages.

The footage, which could not be independently verified, shows images of large stacks of hard currency and features claims that the Obama administration sent this money over as part of an effort to free several U.S. hostages. The White House vehemently denied these claims this week following new reports about the cash exchange.

BBC Persian reporter Hadi Nili posted the footage on Twitter, describing it as showing the “pallets of cash” and quoting officials as saying “this was just part of the ‘expensive price’ to release Americans.”

The footage, which is from an Iranian documentary published a few months ago, contradicts claims by Obama administration officials maintaining that the payment was completely unrelated to the release of these U.S. hostages, despite the payment having been supplied on the same day these individuals were freed by Iran.

The Iranian regime continues to exist at the pleasure of the United States. Regime change is an absolute last resort, as Iraq and Afghanistan have taught us, but it is entirely possible. But the Iranian regime's continued provocation of the Obama Administration and the Obama regime's  subsequent capitulation to blatant acts of aggression is a total and absolute disgrace that suggests the administration understands that the Obama Administration will always place an ideological aversion to conflict of any sort above the interests of the American people.

Source: American Action News


See many of you at 1100 hours for exercise, note the conversion to military time.



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Once again on the road,

From Orlando we went north to the Florida town that is farthest to the west, so far west it is in the next time zone, which is central. With Patty retired we are both now on a fixed limited income so to save money we decided to stay in government quarters. Our first try is with the Navy and I must say it is very nice, both clean and comfortable. We are located on the Naval Air Station, of Pensacola, Florida ( ; we reserved three days using the Navy Gateway, Inns and Suites. What is great about this base is the location is right on Pensacola Bay so we have a beach. It is home to the Naval Air Museum, and a lighthouse. Another great thing is the Navy’s Blue Angels practice here probably twice a week. I will need to take a few pictures and Patty wants to get some autographs for the grand kids.

Last night we went into the city of Pensacola to eat at one of America’s great steakhouses, McGuire’s Irish Pub. Many of my friends would like this place as many drinks are in the $3 to $4 range. The walls were covered with money; my estimate is over 1 million, every square inch of the ceiling and walls down to about 3 feet. The money is not flat on a flat surface but hung perpendicular. There is so much money that sound does not carry and the Irish music is muted. They make all their beer and I had a red lager named, McGuire’s Irish Red. Patty drank something called an Emory Chenoweth, not sure what it contains but probably 10 inches high and only $3.50. My taste of it was delicious. There was a drink with a limit of 3 per person, served in an old fashion quart size Mason jar from the local cemetery, called “The Irish Wake” at a cost of $9.99. The seating capacity of this place was very close to 800 or 900 people. The parking lot was perhaps five acres. Many pictures of famous people are on the walls, more than one can imagine.

Day two: We went to the Naval Air Museum. It is huge and extensive, over 150,000 square feet and four stories high. One day is not enough, as there is so much history from WW1, through today. If I was going to say which is bigger the USAF or the USN, I would go to the USAF at Wright Patterson AFB.  Pensacola trains most of the Naval Aviators if not all, some became very famous and some were our past presidents. Their planes and log books will be enshrined here forever.

There is a lighthouse on the base which posed nicely for some pictures. You can look up  there is also a museum attached. This is still a working lighthouse kept up by the Coast Guard.

The last day was a visit to a fort. It was Fort Pickens National Park. From the fort we watched the Blue Angels practice maneuvers, our very own private air show. There were six planes and they kept passing over and around the fort then back to the base and up into the sky. A great day especially after we left the fort for a nearby beach that gets 4.9 stars out of five. It was not crowded at all and many have said it is the best beach in the Eastern United States, Langdon Beach. If I return to Pensacola, I would stay at the Naval Lodge as it is closer to the museum and lighthouse with its own private beach. The beach used by the Inn I was in although also on base but perhaps two miles away, without the seclusion afforded by the lodge.


The next day we are off to stay on Joint Base Charleston, currently commanded by the A.F... We are staying at an Air Force Inn once again; it will be the least expensive nights of our trip. Unlike the old days when there were many clubs, the military has sort of made drinking out of vogue. Only one club on base now and this one had Bingo on the evening we arrived, however our arrival was an hour late to catch the entire evening’s game. There were two guaranteed $1,000 prizes included this evening along with all their normal prizes. We just ate in the Grill portion of the club, ran to the commissary and then back to our room. If anything was funny, we saw many open parking spaces in front of the club. Only trouble was the first 2 were for General Officers, the next 4 were for Colonels, then a few for Commanders of local units and the club manager. There was a group set aside for the E-9 enlisted also.  I parked in the back.

We made our reservation again by using  for those active or retired military members with proper identification.  I tried to read the regulation (AFI 37-135 24 September 2014) to see if DoD Civilian guests are authorized, as in the past I have stayed with DoD Civilians with Temporary Duty Orders while we were having required environmental training and could not decipher the policy.  There are so many exceptions and rules I feel DoD Civilians with DoD ID cards might be eligible.

I did notice that rule 39 includes: Other DoD ID card holders not on official business to include disabled veterans.

It almost looks like many people are authorized so probably the best thing is just check and confirm eligibility.


Ok, off to Fort Sumter, the place where the American Civil War Began. Decades of growing strife between north and south erupted in civil war on April 12, 1861, when confederate artillery opened fire on this Federal fort in Charleston Harbor. Fort Sumter surrendered 34 hours later. Union forces would try for nearly four years to take it back. You can’t drive to it so we took a ferry. The place where the ferry started there were two naval ships the USS Yorktown (CV/CVA/CVS-10) is one of 24 Essex-class aircraft carriers built during World War II for the United States Navy. She is named after the Battle of Yorktown of the American Revolutionary War, and is the fourth U.S. Navy ship to bear the name. I did not catch the name of the destroyer.

This is a National Park so once again I got to use my park pass. If you are 62 or over you should spend the $10 for one of the passes. Once you pay the fee all National Parks are free for life, this includes the National Seashore on the Cape. I have got my $10 back many times over already and I bought it 3 or 4 years ago.

This is also the area my father went to college, he attended the U.S. military Academy called, “The Citadel.” His study was chemical engineering. This was also the start to get his commission and join the army’s, 101st Screaming Eagles and become a paratrooper during WWII. I did not have time to visit the Citadel museum so I might have to return on another trip.


I am not sure if I can call these vacations anymore. Where we are retired now I would say they are just trips, excursions or adventures.


Many of my friends know I was once a Democrat who was a McGovern supporter. While I was stationed in Texas I shook McGovern’s hand by the Alamo, in San Antonio , during a rally. This particular political party left me behind many years ago.

Great Orators of the Democrat Party – PAST:

"One man with courage makes a majority." ~ Andrew Jackson

"The only thing we have to fear is fear itself." ~ Franklin D. Roosevelt

"The buck stops here." ~ Harry S. Truman

"Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for country." ~ John F. Kennedy


Great Orators of the Democratic Party today:

"It depends what your definition of 'is' is?'' President William Jefferson Clinton

"Those rumors are false. I believe in the sanctity of marriage." ~ John Edwards

"What difference does it make?" (Re: Benghazi) ~ Hillary Clinton

"I invented the Internet." ~ Al Gore (he did however vote to provide tax payer money for it’s startup)

"America is, is no longer, uh, what it, uh, could be, uh, what it was once was, uh, and I say to myself, uh, I don't want that future, uh, for my children." ~ Barack Obama

"I have campaigned in all 57 states." ~ Barack Obama (Quoted 2008)

"You don't need God anymore; you have us Democrats." ~ Nancy Pelosi (Quoted 2006) (A really, really stupid remark.)

"Paying taxes is voluntary." ~ Sen. Harry Reid

"Bill is the greatest husband and father I know. No one is more faithful, true, and honest than he is." ~ Hillary Rodham Clinton (Quoted1998)

"You have a business. You didn't build that. Someone else did!" ~ Barack Obama (Quoted 2012)

And the most ridiculous gem of wisdom, from the "Mother Superior Moron": "We just have to pass the Healthcare Bill to see what's in it." ~ Nancy Pelosi (Quoted March, 2010)

(As one Doctor said: “That is also the perfect definition of a stool sample.”)

A Great Republican: "Life is tough! It's even tougher when you are stupid.'' ~ John Wayne


Now I am on the Delmarva Peninsula and staying with a Navy Inn again. The internet and password are the same so my computer is happy. We drove all day (8 hours), had breakfast when we left but decided to have a nice dinner after we checked into Wallops Island, home of Surface Combat System Center (SCSC). It is located on a 6 square mile island with NASA.  There are so few people around it is weird.  The gate guard would open the gate electronically from his guard shack to let us in and out.  The gate was roughly a 10 foot high fence on rollers.  On my arrival there were about 8 men cooking on a bar-b-cue grill before they disappeared.  This was the most people I saw during my entire stay.  No base exchange, no club, no gas station, no commissary, just 3 or 4 buildings, a parking lot and a guard shack. The big building being what looked like a school for Navy training of Combat Systems.  The gate guard could jog around all the buildings in probably 5 minutes.

One funny thing, other than the ghost base item above.  A room is $70 and a suite is $70.  I took the suite, being the bargain hunter, penny pincher that I am.  All suites are on the second floor and all rooms on first floor.  The furniture in the rooms was sort of early Virginian, which was ornately carved cherry wood, no fiber board here, not even plywood.  Much better furniture than I have in my own house and those of the people I know.  The bed was a sleigh bed also cherry and carved.  I counted the drawers in the room in the 4 rooms of the suite, there were 21.  I was only sleeping there for two nights, our arrival and the one night after our day of exploring, so I did not unpack my suitcase as we would be leaving in the morning.  Not using all these drawers made me feel guilty so I put my glasses and wallet in one just before I went to sleep.  The Air Force would say we would be leaving at zero dark thirty.  There were probably only 4 or 5 other people and/or couples staying at the Inn but I did not see any of them, just their vehicles.

We had dinner at Ray’s Shanty on Chincoteague Road. If you drive the coast heading south after using the Cape May ferry this restaurant would be well worth the stop. I had ½ pound of steamed shrimp from North Carolina; it came with fries, slaw, and hush puppies. This meal was incredible and only $17.95. Patty had 2 crab cakes made in the facility with the same sides that I had for $21.95. Just an FYI my shrimp size was XL, probably 16 – 20 per pound. Another thing I noticed was this place also sells fresh seafood; the sign said uncooked North Carolina  shrimp the size I just ate, goes for $35 for 10 pounds (head and shell on). In New England we pay way too much for seafood and it is not as fresh. Patty and I were taken on a tour of the restaurant/facility while waiting for our table by the owner’s wife,.  The owner, her husband, Captain Ray Twiford we met on our way out of the restaurant.

Adjacent to this base is a NASA installation that commands the oldest rocket launch range in the U.S. This might be interesting as they do offer tours, but we are visiting Chincoteague National Park tomorrow to visit and photograph the wild horses on nearby islands.


We did get to go to the NASA museum on our way back from Chincoteague. I was becoming paranoid with all of the “Restricted Area,” signs on this base, plus those of the NASA and was wondering what they were hiding. There were probably nine parabolic dishes pointed toward the sky, some at least five stories high. More rockets are shot from this base then Cape Canaveral, Kennedy’s Space Station, approximately 30 per year. The next one is May 31. If you are an engineer in the field this would be the place to be. . Why might you ask, great food, low cost homes, incredible ocean views and parks and beaches everywhere.

I have always thought that buying a home on the Delaware portion of this three state peninsula as the state of DE has the 46th lowest tax rate of the lower 48 states. I guess taxes are most important to me anyway.

I did learn that the next full solar eclipse of the sun will be on August 21, 2017. A total solar eclipse will take place on Monday, August 21, 2017. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. Let us hope for good weather and no clouds as this phenomenon does not happen very often.


Having returned to my home once again I can return to my writing about inventions that changed mankind.  This week we will talk about the Stethoscope.

Many people have heard their stomach growling or listened to their heartbeat in the middle of the night.  But few know that inside the human body is a cacophony of sounds– from the gurgle of the intestines to the whisper of the lungs to the rush of the arteries and low rumble of other organs.  Doctors can draw conclusions about patient’s health depending upon the sounds they hear through a stethoscope.  The word “stethoscope” comes from the Greek words stehos, meaning “chest,” and skopein, meaning “to explore.”

Modern stethoscopes feature a round chest piece containing a hollow cup (bell) with a plastic disk, or diaphragm, inside it.  When the piece is placed on the patient’s chest, body sounds vibrate the diaphragm, creating sound waves that travel up hollow rubber tubes to the listener’s ears.  The bell transmits low-frequency sounds, while the diaphragm transmits higher-frequency sounds.

Rene Laennec invented the stethoscope in France in 1816.  Reportedly, while walking in Paris, Laennec saw two children sending signals to each other using a long piece of solid wood and a pin.  With an ear to one end, the child received an amplified sound of the pin scratching the opposite end of the stick.  After much experimentation, Laennec came up with the first stethoscope.  It consisted of a wooden tube and was connected to one ear only.  The tool was very similar to the ear trumpet, a device used by the hard-of-hearing to listen to conversations.

Flexible-tube stethoscopes for one ear arrived in 1840.  They were called ”snake ear trumpets.” In 1851 Irish physician Arthur Leared invented a binaural (two-eared) stethoscope which greatly improved the ability of a doctor to hear internal bodily sounds.

Today, physicians use many types of stethoscopes.  The acoustic stethoscope is the most familiar, but there are also electronic stethoscopes (stethophones) that electronically amplify body sounds.  They use a PC-based software that converts the sound into visual graphs that can be transmitted for remote diagnosis.

The invention of the stethoscope marked a major step in the redefinition of disease.  Formerly identified as a bundle of symptoms, disease in the current sense is considered a bodily problem even if there are no noticeable symptoms.  Using a stethoscope, a doctor can quickly tell the health of the lungs, heart, stomach, and intestines even if the patient notices no pain.


Here is another summer crockpot recipe. . .

Roasted Summer Squash with Pine Nuts and Romano Cheese


2 tablespoons olive oil
½ cup chopped yellow onion
1 medium red bell pepper chopped
1 clove garlic, minced
3 medium zucchini, cut into ½ -inch slices
3 medium summer squash, cut into ½ -inch slices
½ cup chopped pine nuts
1/3 cup grated Romano cheese
1 teaspoon Italian seasoning
1 teaspoon salt
1/4 teaspoon black pepper
1 tablespoon unsalted butter, cubed
Springs of fresh basil (optional

1.  Heat oil in large skillet over medium-high heat.  Add onion, bell pepper and garlic; cook and stir 10 minutes or until onion is translucent and soft.  Remove to Crockpot slow cooker.  Add zucchini and summer squash; toss lightly.


I hate it when people forward bogus warnings, and I have even done it myself a couple times unintentionally... but this one is real, and it's important. So please send this warning to everyone on your e- mail list.

If someone comes to your front door saying they are checking for ticks due to the warm weather and asks you to take your clothes off and dance around with your arms up


They only want to see you in your birthday suit.

I wish I'd gotten this yesterday. I feel so stupid.


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Billy Graham was returning to Charlotte after a speaking engagement and when his plane arrived there was a limousine there to transport him to his home.

As he prepared to get into the limo, he stopped and spoke to the driver.

"You know" he said, "I am 87 years old and I have never driven a limousine. Would you mind if I drove it for a while?"

The driver said, "No problem. Have at it."

Billy gets into the driver's seat and they head off down the highway.

A short distance away sat a rookie State Trooper operating his first speed trap.

The long black limo went by him doing 70 in a 55 mph zone.

The trooper pulled out and easily caught the limo and he got out of his patrol car to begin the procedure.

The young trooper walked up to the driver's door and when the glass was rolled down, he was surprised to see who was driving. He immediately excused himself and went back to his car and called his supervisor.

He told the supervisor, "I know we are supposed to enforce the law...But I also know that important people are given certain courtesies. I need to know what I should do because I have stopped a very important person."

The supervisor asked, "Is it the Governor?"

The young trooper said, "No, he's more important than that."

The supervisor said, "Oh, so it's the President."

The young trooper said, "No, he's even more important than that."

The supervisor finally asked, "Well then, who is it?"

The young trooper said, "I think it's Jesus, because he's got Billy Graham for a chauffeur!"


Two nuns were shopping in a food store and happened to be passing the beer and liquor section.

One nun asks the other if she would like a beer.

The other nun answered that would be good, but that she would be queasy about purchasing it.

The first nun said that she would handle it and picked up a six pack and took it to the cashier.

The cashier had a surprised look and the first nun said, "This is for washing our hair."

The cashier without blinking an eye, reached under the counter and put a package of pretzel sticks in the bag with the beer saying, "Here, don't forget the curlers."


Sorry had to finish up with the jokes as it is Monday night and I have been very busy.

See some of you at exercise.....  George

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older copies available with Walters additions as he thinks it makes the letter easier to read.