Well Met this fine Tuesday,
I am not sure if anyone noticed but the final minute of 2016 had an extra second. Most would not notice it all. Me with my watch always within 2 nano seconds of the atomic clock would notice, as I have a time fetish. I even mention to store owners if their clock is off provided it is more than five minutes.
Why is there an extra second, anyway? It all comes down to the Earth’s rotation. It seems that its rotation speed didn’t line up perfectly with atomic clocks that official timekeepers use, and thus a “leap second” has been formed. Essentially, these leap seconds are just added at the stroke of midnight on June 30 or December 31 whenever an adjustment is necessary. The last leap second we ended up having occurred in June 2015, and you probably didn’t even know about it. Even further back still was the leap second added in June 2012.
These seconds are sometimes necessary because things can get a bit out of whack sometimes. The length of a regular day is governed by how the Earth rotates, but that isn’t always the same, consistent rate. With the Earth rotating slower and slower over the years, the seconds are required to keep things neat and tidy. This year it’s needed, so that extra second is just being slapped on the end there to keep balance with clocks and timekeepers across the globe. It’s really not a big deal, and you won’t notice it, but it’s a cool fact to keep in mind.
Just be careful if you’re superstitious and thinking 2016 might still have some tricks up its sleeve. You never know what nefarious evils that could still occur in that extra second. Anyway this is some great trivia you can tell your family.
Lemon Poppy seed Broccoli Salad
2 heads fresh broccoli ~4 & ½ - 5 cups
3/4 cup dried cranberries
½ cup sliced almonds
½ cup toasted and salted sunflower seeds
1 package (8 ounces) sharp cheddar cheese
1 cup full-fat mayo
1 tablespoon red wine vinegar
2-4 tablespoons sugar depending on sweetness preference
1 large lemon
½ tablespoon poppy seeds
Remove the stems from the broccoli and cut into very small pieces. Fill up a bowl with very cold water and a few cupfuls of ice.
Bring a pot of water to boiling point. Add in a heaping tablespoon of salt.
Pour the broccoli into the boiling water and count to 30. As soon as you get to 30 drain the broccoli and pour the broccoli into your prepared ice/water bath.
Allow the broccoli to sit in the cold water until completely cooled. Then remove with a slotted spoon to a salad spinner or bowl.
Make sure the broccoli is 100% dried before tossing it with anything else (especially the dressing).
Add the cranberries, almonds (toast if desired), sunflower seeds, and sharp cheddar cheese (that has been cut into very small cubes) to the bowl with the broccoli.
In a bowl, whisk together the mayo, red wine vinegar, sugar, zest of one lemon, and about 1 tablespoon lemon juice.
Add some salt and pepper, taste, and add more sugar (1-2 more tablespoons) or lemon to personal preference (not too much lemon or the dressing becomes too watery)
Whisk in the poppy seeds.
Toss the dressing with the salad and place in the fridge to marinate for 15-30 minutes.
Toss again and enjoy!
This weeks invention will be the “Locomotive,” in weeks past I wrote
about the steam engine, although part of this invention it is not quite
the same thing.
It is hard to picture the classic image of a steam engine locomotive flying across the Western landscape, transporting freight or bringing passengers to new destinations.
Locomotion No. 1 riding on the success of the steam engine, the first “traveling engine” was developed by George Stephenson in 1814. Combining his knowledge of tramways with the new steam engine, Stephenson built the Blucher to haul coal. Moving at 4 mph, the engine was slower than a horse but could carry 30 tons. Although people marveled at the new mode of transportation, the Bulcher was plagued with repeated breakdowns and problems, inspiring Stephenson to improve the design. The first public railway opened in England in 1825, Traveling along those cast-iron rails was the Locomotion, driven by Stephen himself. The distance between the rails was set at 4 feet, 8 inches, creating the standard for all railways to come.
Railroad cars, pulled by an engine that converts power and transmits it to driving wheels, were first created in 1829 and ran exclusively on steam power until World War II. Then in the 1950s, the diesel engine replaced many of the archaic steam engines, and diesel power still propels most trains today, due to its low operating costs, lower energy use and higher speeds.
The transcontinental railroad’s initial appeal was that it connected the coasts of a large continent compressing the trip by horse-drawn coach from a drawn-out, dangerous, three-month ordeal to a convenient and luxurious 10 days aboard a fashionable Pullman sleeping car. It revolutionized personal travel, but it also allowed for the efficient transit of goods across a large landscape, allowing for the development of the American West.
Today, some locomotives are powered by overhead wires that pass electricity to propel the vehicle, especially in high-speed passenger situations.
Even still, the use of locomotives in the United States has steeply declined over the years, as American commuters, voyagers, and traders alike made the transition from passenger and freight service by train to personal automobiles, corporate trucks and sprawling interstates. However, we still use locomotives for bulk shipments of materials like coal.
Advocates hope to see the return of passenger trains, especially as global warming feeds the desire to cut back on the number of cars on the road.
Teacher: Today, we're going to talk about the tenses. Now, if I say "I am beautiful", which tense is it?
Student: Obviously it is the past tense.
It's a summer holiday weekend and a man walks into a butcher shop that has a sign in the window saying "Ground Sirloin: 29 cents per pound."
The man says, "I'm having a cookout this weekend. I'd like 5 pounds of your ground sirloin, please."
The butcher shakes his head and says, "Sorry. I'm all out."
The man, disappointed goes down the street to another butcher shop and asks, "How much is your ground sirloin?"
The proprietor replies, "It's $3.29 per pound."
"Three twenty nine!?!" exclaimed the customer. "Just up the street he sells it for 29 cents!"
The butcher smiles calmly at the gentleman and asks, "Does he have any?"
"No. He's out of it right now."
"Well," says the butcher. "When I don't have any, I can sell it for 19 cents per pound!"
An elderly man on a Moped, looking about 90 years old, pulls up next to a Doctor at a street light. The old man looks over at the sleek shiny car and asks, "What kind of car ya got there, sonny?"
The doctor replies, "A Ferrari GTO. It cost half a million dollars!"
"That's a lot of money," says the old man. "Why does it cost so much?"
"Because this car can do up to 220 miles an hour!" states the doctor proudly.
The Moped driver asks, "Mind if I take a look inside?"
"No problem," replies the doctor.
So the old man pokes his head in the window and looks around. Then, sitting back on his Moped, the old man says, "That's a pretty nice car, all right.... But I'll stick with my Moped!"
Just then the light changes, so the doctor decides to show the old man just what his car can do. He floors it, and within 30 seconds the speedometer reads 150 mph.
Suddenly, he notices a dot in his rear view mirror. It seems to be getting closer !
He slows down to see what it could be and suddenly WHOOOOSSSHHH! Something whips by him going much faster!
"What on earth could be going faster than my Ferrari?" the doctor asks himself.
He presses harder on the accelerator and takes the Ferrari up to 180 mph.
Then, up ahead of him, he sees that it's the old man on the Moped!
Amazed that the Moped could pass his Ferrari, he gives it more gas and passes the Moped at 200 mph and he's feeling pretty good until he looks in his mirror and sees the old man gaining on him AGAIN!
Astounded by the speed of this old guy, he floors the gas pedal and takes the Ferrari all the way up to 220 mph.
Not ten seconds later, he sees the Moped bearing down on him again! The Ferrari is flat out, and there's nothing he can do !
Suddenly, the Moped plows into the back of his Ferrari, demolishing the rear end.
The doctor stops and jumps out and unbelievably the old man is still alive. He runs up to the banged-up old guy and says, "I'm a doctor... Is there anything I can do for you ?"
The old man whispers,
"Unhook my suspenders from your side view mirror!"
CANGAS DE ONIS, Spain (Reuters) - With more than 100,000 people aged 100
or over, Spain is the country with the greatest life expectancy after
Japan, OECD data and the latest population census shows.
Over a year, Reuters photographer Andrea Comas interviewed and photographed Spaniards aged 100 or more across the country from the green-hilled northern region of Asturias to the Balearic island of Menorca.
Average life expectancy at birth in Spain is 83.2, according to the latest OECD statistics made available in 2013, just a shade below the 83.4 years on average a Japanese newborn can expect to live.
Most of the men and women Comas interviewed showed a zest for life and an interest in pastimes from amateur dramatics to playing the piano. Many also continued to carry out daily duties from farm work to caring for a disabled child.
Pedro Rodriguez, 106, plays the piano every day in the living room of his flat in Asturias, northern Spain, where he lives with his wife who is nearly 20 years younger than him. Their daughters visit them often.
"The nuns taught me how to play the piano as a child," he said after giving a rendition of a Spanish waltz.
The majority of these elderly people were surrounded by family or had loved ones calling in on them daily showing how Spain continues to be a closely-knit society, where family ties are paramount.
Francisco Nunez, 112, is the oldest person Comas interviewed. He lives with his octogenarian daughter in his house in Badajoz, south-western Spain. He says he doesn't like the pensioners' daycare center because it's full of old people.
"He hasn't had to leave his home. I'm single and I live here with him," says daughter Maria Antonia Nunez, 81, as she adjusts his beret.
When questioned about their most vivid memories, many recall Spain's 1936 to 1939 civil war which set neighbor against neighbor and resulted in hundreds of thousands of deaths followed by the 36-year dictatorship of Francisco Franco.
Pilar Fernandez, 101, suffered hunger and hardship during the war years alongside her nine brothers and sisters. To avoid history repeating itself, she limited herself to one child.
"From pure fear, I didn't have any more," says the sprightly woman who lives with her daughter's family in Asturias and tends livestock and a vegetable garden.
Tips for long life ranged from a spoonful of honey a day to regular intake of gazpacho, a traditional cold Spanish soup made from tomatoes and cucumbers.
Gumersindo Cubo, 101, from Avila, puts his longevity down to a childhood spent in a house in the woods with his eight brothers and sisters, where his father was a park ranger.
"It's from inhaling the pine resin from the woods where I lived as a child," he says, telling of how his mother would put a jar of the resin under the bed of the sick.
Where to buy pine resin: Both Ebay and Amazon have it and it is not expensive.
Make sure your honey is not pasturized as the good stuff gets killed during the heating process of pasteurization.
For gazpacho the cold soup recipe many are on line but I will put one here for those that are not connected. Not my favorite but I might now change my mind.
"Wonderful cold soup full of fresh Mediterranean vegetables! Quick and easy."
4 cups tomato juice
1 onion, minced
1 green bell pepper, minced
1 cucumber, chopped
2 cups chopped tomatoes
2 green onions, chopped
1 clove garlic, minced
3 tablespoons fresh lemon juice
2 tablespoons red wine vinegar
1 teaspoon dried tarragon
1 teaspoon dried basil
1/4 cup chopped fresh parsley
1 teaspoon white sugar
salt and pepper to taste
In a blender or food processor, combine tomato juice, onion, bell pepper, cucumber, tomatoes, green onions, garlic, lemon juice, red wine vinegar, tarragon, basil, parsley, sugar, salt, and pepper. Blend until well-combined but still slightly chunky. Chill at least 2 hours before serving.
OK. . . Patty and I both tried this soup and find it pretty good, two thumbs up. On the internet it gets 4.5 stars.
Last Wednesday while returning from Boston, Patty and I stopped at Harry’s Bar and Grille, located on route 28, Middleboro MA, Rt. 28 in Middleboro is called West Grove St., for your GPS it would be 407 W Grove St. It is just across the road from Dave’s Diner. We found the food to be above average pub food, with large portions, actually enough for two meals. It was not overly expensive and the wait staff was attentive. I recommend the place to my readers.
Obama Awards Himself Distinguished Public Service Medal
(Breitbart) On Wednesday, President Obama added another prestigious medal to his Nobel Prize collection when he had Defense Secretary Ash Carter award him with the Department of Defense Medal for Distinguished Public Service.
Secretary Carter awarded his boss with the medal on January 4 during the Armed Forces Full Honor Farewell Review for the President held at Conmy Hall, Joint Base Myer-Henderson Hall in Virginia.
Carter insisted that the medal was a token of appreciation for Obama’s service as commander in chief, the Associated Press reported.
After spending the last few weeks throwing roadblocks in the path of President-elect Donald Trump and his transition team, Obama nonetheless claimed in his remarks to the members of the military in attendance that “We’ve got to make sure that during this transition period that there is a seamless passing of the baton, that there’s continuity.”
Along with the AP, CBS News White House correspondent Mark Knoller also marked the ceremony with a Tweet to his followers.
Defense Secy Carter presents Pres Obama with Dept of Defense Medal for Distinguished Public Service. pic.twitter.com/a5DihpPRnA
I found this to be a little over the top. That was until I went to see if it had happened before and found the following.
In January 2009, then-Defense Secretary Robert Gates gave outgoing President George W. Bush the award at a similar ceremony. Then-Defense Secretary William S. Cohen did the same with President Bill Clinton in January 2001.
I think this is similar to the Air Force award for commanders called the “Order of the Sword.” In 20 years I knew only one Colonel to get this award, Sharman Stevensson,. He was the 13th AF Commander (PACAF). The Order of the Sword recognizes individuals who have made significant contributions to the enlisted corps. This is an award that is presented by non-commissioned officers to a superior officer.
The Girl on the Beach
A couple lived near the ocean and used to walk the beach a lot.
One summer they noticed a girl who was at the beach pretty much every day. She wasn't unusual, nor was the travel bag she carried, except for one thing; she would approach people who were sitting on the beach, glance around furtively, then speak to them.
Generally the people would respond negatively and she would wander off, but occasionally someone would nod and there would be a quick exchange of money and something she carried in her bag.
The couple assumed she was selling drugs, and debated calling the cops, but since they didn't know for sure they just continued to watch her.
After a couple of weeks the wife said, "Honey, have you ever noticed that she only goes up to people with boom boxes and other electronic devices?"
He hadn't and said so.
Then she said, "Tomorrow I want you to get a towel and our big radio and go lie out on the beach. Then we can find out what she's really doing."
Well, the plan went off without a hitch and the wife was almost hopping up and down with anticipation when she saw the girl talk to her husband and then leave.
The man walked up the beach and met his wife at the road.
"Well? Is she selling drugs?" she asked excitedly.
"No, she's not," he said, enjoying this probably more than he should have.
"Well? What is it, then? What does she do?" his wife fairly shrieked.
The man grinned and said, "She's a battery salesperson."
"Batteries?" cried the wife.
"Yes," he replied.
"She sells C cells by the sea shore."
For a copy to your inbox put Letter in the Subject line and email firstname.lastname@example.org
older copies are at the end or bottom of www.capecod-beaches.com
Once again on the road,
From Orlando we went north to the Florida town that is farthest to the west, so far west it is in the next time zone, which is central. With Patty retired we are both now on a fixed limited income so to save money we decided to stay in government quarters. Our first try is with the Navy and I must say it is very nice, both clean and comfortable. We are located on the Naval Air Station, of Pensacola, Florida (www.dodlodging.net) ; we reserved three days using the Navy Gateway, Inns and Suites. What is great about this base is the location is right on Pensacola Bay so we have a beach. It is home to the Naval Air Museum, and a lighthouse. Another great thing is the Navy’s Blue Angels practice here probably twice a week. I will need to take a few pictures and Patty wants to get some autographs for the grand kids.
Last night we went into the city of Pensacola to eat at one of America’s great steakhouses, McGuire’s Irish Pub. Many of my friends would like this place as many drinks are in the $3 to $4 range. The walls were covered with money; my estimate is over 1 million, every square inch of the ceiling and walls down to about 3 feet. The money is not flat on a flat surface but hung perpendicular. There is so much money that sound does not carry and the Irish music is muted. They make all their beer and I had a red lager named, McGuire’s Irish Red. Patty drank something called an Emory Chenoweth, not sure what it contains but probably 10 inches high and only $3.50. My taste of it was delicious. There was a drink with a limit of 3 per person, served in an old fashion quart size Mason jar from the local cemetery, called “The Irish Wake” at a cost of $9.99. The seating capacity of this place was very close to 800 or 900 people. The parking lot was perhaps five acres. Many pictures of famous people are on the walls, more than one can imagine.
Day two: We went to the Naval Air Museum. It is huge and extensive, over 150,000 square feet and four stories high. One day is not enough, as there is so much history from WW1, through today. If I was going to say which is bigger the USAF or the USN, I would go to the USAF at Wright Patterson AFB. Pensacola trains most of the Naval Aviators if not all, some became very famous and some were our past presidents. Their planes and log books will be enshrined here forever.
There is a lighthouse on the base which posed nicely for some pictures. You can look up http://www.pensacolalighthouse.org/ there is also a museum attached. This is still a working lighthouse kept up by the Coast Guard.
The last day was a visit to a fort. It was Fort Pickens National Park. From the fort we watched the Blue Angels practice maneuvers, our very own private air show. There were six planes and they kept passing over and around the fort then back to the base and up into the sky. A great day especially after we left the fort for a nearby beach that gets 4.9 stars out of five. It was not crowded at all and many have said it is the best beach in the Eastern United States, Langdon Beach. If I return to Pensacola, I would stay at the Naval Lodge as it is closer to the museum and lighthouse with its own private beach. The beach used by the Inn I was in although also on base but perhaps two miles away, without the seclusion afforded by the lodge.
The next day we are off to stay on Joint Base Charleston, currently commanded by the A.F... We are staying at an Air Force Inn once again; it will be the least expensive nights of our trip. Unlike the old days when there were many clubs, the military has sort of made drinking out of vogue. Only one club on base now and this one had Bingo on the evening we arrived, however our arrival was an hour late to catch the entire evening’s game. There were two guaranteed $1,000 prizes included this evening along with all their normal prizes. We just ate in the Grill portion of the club, ran to the commissary and then back to our room. If anything was funny, we saw many open parking spaces in front of the club. Only trouble was the first 2 were for General Officers, the next 4 were for Colonels, then a few for Commanders of local units and the club manager. There was a group set aside for the E-9 enlisted also. I parked in the back.
We made our reservation again by using www.dodlodging.net for those active or retired military members with proper identification. I tried to read the regulation (AFI 37-135 24 September 2014) to see if DoD Civilian guests are authorized, as in the past I have stayed with DoD Civilians with Temporary Duty Orders while we were having required environmental training and could not decipher the policy. There are so many exceptions and rules I feel DoD Civilians with DoD ID cards might be eligible.
I did notice that rule 39 includes: Other DoD ID card holders not on official business to include disabled veterans.
It almost looks like many people are authorized so probably the best thing is just check and confirm eligibility.
Ok, off to Fort Sumter, the place where the American Civil War Began. Decades of growing strife between north and south erupted in civil war on April 12, 1861, when confederate artillery opened fire on this Federal fort in Charleston Harbor. Fort Sumter surrendered 34 hours later. Union forces would try for nearly four years to take it back. You can’t drive to it so we took a ferry. The place where the ferry started there were two naval ships the USS Yorktown (CV/CVA/CVS-10) is one of 24 Essex-class aircraft carriers built during World War II for the United States Navy. She is named after the Battle of Yorktown of the American Revolutionary War, and is the fourth U.S. Navy ship to bear the name. I did not catch the name of the destroyer.
This is a National Park so once again I got to use my park pass. If you are 62 or over you should spend the $10 for one of the passes. Once you pay the fee all National Parks are free for life, this includes the National Seashore on the Cape. I have got my $10 back many times over already and I bought it 3 or 4 years ago.
This is also the area my father went to college, he attended the U.S. military Academy called, “The Citadel.” His study was chemical engineering. This was also the start to get his commission and join the army’s, 101st Screaming Eagles and become a paratrooper during WWII. I did not have time to visit the Citadel museum so I might have to return on another trip.
I am not sure if I can call these vacations anymore. Where we are retired now I would say they are just trips, excursions or adventures.
Many of my friends know I was once a Democrat who was a McGovern supporter. While I was stationed in Texas I shook McGovern’s hand by the Alamo, in San Antonio , during a rally. This particular political party left me behind many years ago.
Great Orators of the Democrat Party – PAST:
"One man with courage makes a majority." ~ Andrew Jackson
"The only thing we have to fear is fear itself." ~ Franklin D. Roosevelt
"The buck stops here." ~ Harry S. Truman
"Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for country." ~ John F. Kennedy
Great Orators of the Democratic Party today:
"It depends what your definition of 'is' is?'' President William Jefferson Clinton
"Those rumors are false. I believe in the sanctity of marriage." ~ John Edwards
"What difference does it make?" (Re: Benghazi) ~ Hillary Clinton
"I invented the Internet." ~ Al Gore (he did however vote to provide tax payer money for it’s startup)
"America is, is no longer, uh, what it, uh, could be, uh, what it was once was, uh, and I say to myself, uh, I don't want that future, uh, for my children." ~ Barack Obama
"I have campaigned in all 57 states." ~ Barack Obama (Quoted 2008)
"You don't need God anymore; you have us Democrats." ~ Nancy Pelosi (Quoted 2006) (A really, really stupid remark.)
"Paying taxes is voluntary." ~ Sen. Harry Reid
"Bill is the greatest husband and father I know. No one is more faithful, true, and honest than he is." ~ Hillary Rodham Clinton (Quoted1998)
"You have a business. You didn't build that. Someone else did!" ~ Barack Obama (Quoted 2012)
And the most ridiculous gem of wisdom, from the "Mother Superior Moron": "We just have to pass the Healthcare Bill to see what's in it." ~ Nancy Pelosi (Quoted March, 2010)
(As one Doctor said: “That is also the perfect definition of a stool sample.”)
A Great Republican: "Life is tough! It's even tougher when you are stupid.'' ~ John Wayne
Now I am on the Delmarva Peninsula and staying with a Navy Inn again. The internet and password are the same so my computer is happy. We drove all day (8 hours), had breakfast when we left but decided to have a nice dinner after we checked into Wallops Island, home of Surface Combat System Center (SCSC). It is located on a 6 square mile island with NASA. There are so few people around it is weird. The gate guard would open the gate electronically from his guard shack to let us in and out. The gate was roughly a 10 foot high fence on rollers. On my arrival there were about 8 men cooking on a bar-b-cue grill before they disappeared. This was the most people I saw during my entire stay. No base exchange, no club, no gas station, no commissary, just 3 or 4 buildings, a parking lot and a guard shack. The big building being what looked like a school for Navy training of Combat Systems. The gate guard could jog around all the buildings in probably 5 minutes.
One funny thing, other than the ghost base item above. A room is $70 and a suite is $70. I took the suite, being the bargain hunter, penny pincher that I am. All suites are on the second floor and all rooms on first floor. The furniture in the rooms was sort of early Virginian, which was ornately carved cherry wood, no fiber board here, not even plywood. Much better furniture than I have in my own house and those of the people I know. The bed was a sleigh bed also cherry and carved. I counted the drawers in the room in the 4 rooms of the suite, there were 21. I was only sleeping there for two nights, our arrival and the one night after our day of exploring, so I did not unpack my suitcase as we would be leaving in the morning. Not using all these drawers made me feel guilty so I put my glasses and wallet in one just before I went to sleep. The Air Force would say we would be leaving at zero dark thirty. There were probably only 4 or 5 other people and/or couples staying at the Inn but I did not see any of them, just their vehicles.
We had dinner at Ray’s Shanty on Chincoteague Road. If you drive the coast heading south after using the Cape May ferry this restaurant would be well worth the stop. https://www.raysshanty.com/ I had ½ pound of steamed shrimp from North Carolina; it came with fries, slaw, and hush puppies. This meal was incredible and only $17.95. Patty had 2 crab cakes made in the facility with the same sides that I had for $21.95. Just an FYI my shrimp size was XL, probably 16 – 20 per pound. Another thing I noticed was this place also sells fresh seafood; the sign said uncooked North Carolina shrimp the size I just ate, goes for $35 for 10 pounds (head and shell on). In New England we pay way too much for seafood and it is not as fresh. Patty and I were taken on a tour of the restaurant/facility while waiting for our table by the owner’s wife,. The owner, her husband, Captain Ray Twiford we met on our way out of the restaurant.
Adjacent to this base is a NASA installation that commands the oldest rocket launch range in the U.S. This might be interesting as they do offer tours, but we are visiting Chincoteague National Park tomorrow to visit and photograph the wild horses on nearby islands.
We did get to go to the NASA museum on our way back from Chincoteague. I was becoming paranoid with all of the “Restricted Area,” signs on this base, plus those of the NASA and was wondering what they were hiding. There were probably nine parabolic dishes pointed toward the sky, some at least five stories high. More rockets are shot from this base then Cape Canaveral, Kennedy’s Space Station, approximately 30 per year. The next one is May 31. If you are an engineer in the field this would be the place to be. https://www.nasa.gov/centers/wallops/home . Why might you ask, great food, low cost homes, incredible ocean views and parks and beaches everywhere.
I have always thought that buying a home on the Delaware portion of this three state peninsula as the state of DE has the 46th lowest tax rate of the lower 48 states. I guess taxes are most important to me anyway.
I did learn that the next full solar eclipse of the sun will be on August 21, 2017. A total solar eclipse will take place on Monday, August 21, 2017. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. Let us hope for good weather and no clouds as this phenomenon does not happen very often.
Having returned to my home once again I can return to my writing about inventions that changed mankind. This week we will talk about the Stethoscope.
Many people have heard their stomach growling or listened to their heartbeat in the middle of the night. But few know that inside the human body is a cacophony of sounds– from the gurgle of the intestines to the whisper of the lungs to the rush of the arteries and low rumble of other organs. Doctors can draw conclusions about patient’s health depending upon the sounds they hear through a stethoscope. The word “stethoscope” comes from the Greek words stehos, meaning “chest,” and skopein, meaning “to explore.”
Modern stethoscopes feature a round chest piece containing a hollow cup (bell) with a plastic disk, or diaphragm, inside it. When the piece is placed on the patient’s chest, body sounds vibrate the diaphragm, creating sound waves that travel up hollow rubber tubes to the listener’s ears. The bell transmits low-frequency sounds, while the diaphragm transmits higher-frequency sounds.
Rene Laennec invented the stethoscope in France in 1816. Reportedly, while walking in Paris, Laennec saw two children sending signals to each other using a long piece of solid wood and a pin. With an ear to one end, the child received an amplified sound of the pin scratching the opposite end of the stick. After much experimentation, Laennec came up with the first stethoscope. It consisted of a wooden tube and was connected to one ear only. The tool was very similar to the ear trumpet, a device used by the hard-of-hearing to listen to conversations.
Flexible-tube stethoscopes for one ear arrived in 1840. They were called ”snake ear trumpets.” In 1851 Irish physician Arthur Leared invented a binaural (two-eared) stethoscope which greatly improved the ability of a doctor to hear internal bodily sounds.
Today, physicians use many types of stethoscopes. The acoustic stethoscope is the most familiar, but there are also electronic stethoscopes (stethophones) that electronically amplify body sounds. They use a PC-based software that converts the sound into visual graphs that can be transmitted for remote diagnosis.
The invention of the stethoscope marked a major step in the redefinition of disease. Formerly identified as a bundle of symptoms, disease in the current sense is considered a bodily problem even if there are no noticeable symptoms. Using a stethoscope, a doctor can quickly tell the health of the lungs, heart, stomach, and intestines even if the patient notices no pain.
Here is another summer crockpot recipe. . .
Roasted Summer Squash with Pine Nuts and Romano Cheese
2 tablespoons olive oil
½ cup chopped yellow onion
1 medium red bell pepper chopped
1 clove garlic, minced
3 medium zucchini, cut into ½ -inch slices
3 medium summer squash, cut into ½ -inch slices
½ cup chopped pine nuts
1/3 cup grated Romano cheese
1 teaspoon Italian seasoning
1 teaspoon salt
1/4 teaspoon black pepper
1 tablespoon unsalted butter, cubed
Springs of fresh basil (optional
1. Heat oil in large skillet over medium-high heat. Add onion, bell pepper and garlic; cook and stir 10 minutes or until onion is translucent and soft. Remove to Crockpot slow cooker. Add zucchini and summer squash; toss lightly.
I hate it when people forward bogus warnings, and I have even done it myself a couple times unintentionally... but this one is real, and it's important. So please send this warning to everyone on your e- mail list.
If someone comes to your front door saying they are checking for ticks due to the warm weather and asks you to take your clothes off and dance around with your arms up
DO NOT DO IT!! THIS IS A SCAM!!
They only want to see you in your birthday suit.
I wish I'd gotten this yesterday. I feel so stupid.
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Billy Graham was returning to Charlotte after a speaking engagement and when his plane arrived there was a limousine there to transport him to his home.
As he prepared to get into the limo, he stopped and spoke to the driver.
"You know" he said, "I am 87 years old and I have never driven a limousine. Would you mind if I drove it for a while?"
The driver said, "No problem. Have at it."
Billy gets into the driver's seat and they head off down the highway.
A short distance away sat a rookie State Trooper operating his first speed trap.
The long black limo went by him doing 70 in a 55 mph zone.
The trooper pulled out and easily caught the limo and he got out of his patrol car to begin the procedure.
The young trooper walked up to the driver's door and when the glass was rolled down, he was surprised to see who was driving. He immediately excused himself and went back to his car and called his supervisor.
He told the supervisor, "I know we are supposed to enforce the law...But I also know that important people are given certain courtesies. I need to know what I should do because I have stopped a very important person."
The supervisor asked, "Is it the Governor?"
The young trooper said, "No, he's more important than that."
The supervisor said, "Oh, so it's the President."
The young trooper said, "No, he's even more important than that."
The supervisor finally asked, "Well then, who is it?"
The young trooper said, "I think it's Jesus, because he's got Billy Graham for a chauffeur!"
Two nuns were shopping in a food store and happened to be passing the beer and liquor section.
One nun asks the other if she would like a beer.
The other nun answered that would be good, but that she would be queasy about purchasing it.
The first nun said that she would handle it and picked up a six pack and took it to the cashier.
The cashier had a surprised look and the first nun said, "This is for washing our hair."
The cashier without blinking an eye, reached under the counter and put a package of pretzel sticks in the bag with the beer saying, "Here, don't forget the curlers."